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Endodontic treatment, more commonly known as root canal therapy, is necessary when the pulp of your tooth becomes inflamed or infected.
The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes such as deep decay, or a crack or chip in the tooth, with proper care; an endodonctically treated tooth will function normally for years to come.
How Did My Tooth Get Infected?
The two most common causes of infection in the pulp are deep cavities and fractured or broken teeth. Both expose the pulp to bacteria that live in saliva. These bacteria, which are always present in your mouth, can cause an infection that can kill the pulp. Without treatment, the pus from the infection can eventually gather down at the root tip and pass into the jaw bone, causing an abscess (a pus pocket). The abscess can then damage the bone that surrounds the tooth. The resulting pressure inside the bone and ligaments surrounding the tooth can cause excruciating pain, and left untreated, can even be life threatening.
Signs & Symptoms
Moderate to severe lingering toothache pain when drinking hot or cold liquids or foods.
Moderate to severe pain when biting on a tooth
Sensitivity to tapping or pressure on the tooth
Toothache that wakes you up in the middle of the night
A pimple on your gum that may release pus or blood
Radiating pain from one area of the mouth to another